Is Testosterone Therapy Dangerous? Dr. Mark Richards in Washington, DC Debunks the Myth

hormone specialist, testosterone treatments, bio-identical human testosterone, hormone pellets, Dr. Mark Richards, cosmetic surgery

Hormone Specialist Dr. Mark Richards says a recent study on the dangers of testosterone therapy uses statistical manipulation to skew the results.

Washington, DC — Recently, a study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) with a conclusion suggesting that men who had received testosterone therapy had a higher risk of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and death. According to Dr. Mark Richards, a hormone specialist and plastic surgeon in Washington, DC, the JAMA study used misleading statistical methodology to provide these conclusions. The study, entitled “Association of Testosterone Therapy with Mortality, Myocardial Infarction, and Stroke in Men with Low Testosterone Levels,” was a retrospective chart review of men with low testosterone levels who underwent coronary angiography in the Veterans Affairs (VA) system between 2005 and 2011. Dr. Richards notes that the men who were receiving testosterone treatment had measured post treatment levels that averaged (~330ng/dl) which, according to the Washington, DC plastic surgeon, is “about 40% under the minimum suggested for heart health as defined in the recent cardiology science literature.”

Dr. Richards noted that when the data the authors collected was presented, they claimed the rates of heart attack, death, and stroke were approximately 30% higher in the group treated with testosterone. Yet, the study’s own reported numbers presented in the Results section of the Abstract reveal that of the 1223 men who received some form of testosterone therapy, there was a 5% mortality rate, a 1.8% heart attack rate, and a 2.7% stroke rate. Conversely, of the 7486 men who did not receive testosterone therapy, there was a 9% mortality rate, a 5.6% heart attack rate, and a 6.5% stroke rate. This meant that in reality, the data suggests that the mortality rate was nearly double in the group that did NOT receive testosterone! Additionally, heart attacks were more than three times more common in the group that did NOT receive testosterone, according to the study’s data. Dr. Richards says the data obtained from the chart review appears to have been statistically manipulated in order to support a false conclusion. He further explains, “[the authors] used a method called inverse probability treatment, weighting to adjust for differences in demographics and prior risk factors such as for stroke or heart attack to theoretically account for potential confounding variables that might affect the patients’ outcome. In this case, they used over 50 variables to compute this weighting and change the data. By selecting the weighting of variables as they did, the authors changed the raw data that clearly supported the beneficial effects of even sub-therapeutic levels of testosterone to an opposite conclusion. This should cause anyone to question the integrity of their conclusion that flies in the face of decades of more soundly performed research.”

Arguing in support of the known benefits of testosterone therapy, Dr. Richards highlights some key information, noting that “decades of high quality prospective epidemiologic studies have shown a strong correlation between low testosterone levels in both sexes and disease and death rates. In particular, strong correlations exist between low testosterone and heart disease, diabetes/metabolic syndrome, breast and prostate cancers, atherosclerosis, depression, fatigue, loss of muscle mass, increased intra-abdominal fat, cognitive failures including Alzheimer’s disease, loss of mobility, loss of libido, decreased sexual function, and menopausal symptoms.” He stresses that many of these diseases have actually been prevented, improved, or cured with bio-identical human testosterone supplementation.

Dr. Richards is concerned that the JAMA study’s conclusion will be misleading and confusing to physicians as well as the public, possibly resulting in the denial of treatment for those for whom this therapy might be lifesaving. Molecularly identical human testosterone modalities such as patches, injections, or gels, though not ideal, have been scientifically proven to be very helpful in treating disease states common in aging populations, he says. Dr. Richards believes the best hormone treatment uses highly compressed, sterile hormone pellets placed within the body’s superficial fat layers. He explains these pellets are placed while using local anesthesia, and dissolve completely, usually over a period of three to five months. He says this treatment has been used in the US since 1939, but because the testosterone pellets cannot be patented, they are not considered to be commercially profitable, and thus are not widely known or marketed.

Dr. Richards advises patients and physicians alike to be cautious when reviewing medical studies such as the one published in JAMA, stating, “The misleading conclusions in the JAMA article highlighted by many news articles and broadcasts serves to remind us that news headlines must always be tempered by the scientific reality of the data. One must not accept any study’s conclusion without first considering the data, the statistical analysis used, and the existing body of literature on the subject that would speak to the reproducibility of the findings and soundness of the conclusions.”

About Mark E. Richards, MD

Dr. Mark Richards is a board-certified plastic surgeon in Washington, DC. He is also a practitioner in hormone therapy, using time-released bio-identical hormone pellets to improve effects of aging that cannot be treated with cosmetic surgery, such as energy levels and psychological and physiological health. Dr. Richards also offers his knowledge on the topic to assist physicians interested in offering hormone therapy to help their patients. He is available for interview upon request.

To learn more about Dr. Mark Richards, his plastic surgery practice, or hormone therapy, please visit or


Dr. Mark E. Richards
11300 Rockville Pike Suite 912
N. Bethesda, MD 20852
(301) 468-3458

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(858) 200-0044